Project/Code Re-Use, TurboGears, and Django

TurboGears has been making some impressive strides in both features, documentation, and possible user acquisition lately. Where it gets somewhat interesting is regarding its user-base though. The approach TG takes – building glue on top of other projects – is not new, as Subway also utilizes this, however the popularity TG has been enjoying has resulted in some interesting by-products.

First, its a bit interesting to take a look at some numbers. It's hard to be precise, as users don't exactly announce themselves, but many of them do usually join the mailing lists for the projects.


  • Users: 546
  • Activity: Medium
  • Average messages per month (5 months+): 340

Update: Eugene pointed out that there is Django-developers as well. Many of the Django-devel members are also on the Django-users list, so adding them together wouldn't be too accurate. Here's the Django-devel information, along with the total traffic if you take the two combined.


  • Users: 323
  • Activitiy: Low
  • Average messages per mont (5 months+): 177
  • Average messages of Django-devel+users: 517


  • Users: 668
  • Activity: High
  • Average messages per month (3 months+): 1,124

Information taken from Google Groups as of Nov. 14th, 2005

While each list is bound to pick up users that contribute and lurk who do not actually use the framework, I think this trend is significantly higher with TurboGears. I believe this is because TurboGears builds on several successful projects that are even used in fields outside of web development.

Project/Code Re-Use and Explaining the Mail Traffic

Django takes a somewhat interesting approach, especially when compared to TurboGears, in that re-use is non-existent.The reason given for the amount written from scratch does make sense to a certain extent, especially when you remember that Django was created 2 years ago (some existing projects weren't too hot back then). It's also interesting to note that in some cases, the syntax and decisions being applied to Django now, reflect those made quite awhile ago in other projects.

TurboGears pushes re-use to the extreme, and only resorts to writing it from scratch if there's no clean way to integrate a similar project that does the same thing. Only the new Identity framework, and the crud stuff was written from scratch for example. But many of the largest, most heavily used pieces have large communities of their own, i.e. SQLObject, FormEncode, CherryPy, MochiKit, and setuptools (I likely missed some).

Also interesting to note, several of the top posters to the TG mailing list happen to be the project developers for the individual projects TG is comprised of. I doubt they're heavy users (or perhaps haven't even used TG), however they have plenty to contribute as the questions often relate to the individual parts. This creates a powerful community and further fuels development and use of the individual projects TG pulls together.

When considering the use of one framework vs the other, I think this re-use issue is definitely something to be considered. Building on other stable, established projects that are used widely and extensively leads to a more mature platform. The size of each individual community also means more people to work on solutions that benefit the whole (and even those using the parts).

For example, the TG community is starting to tackle some basic CRUD/administration type stuff. I don't actually use TG myself, but I do use SQLObject and FormEncode which means I can plug my SQLObject classes into a TG project, and use their web based admin tool with my database. This is rather powerful and extremely useful code re-use, and in the future it'll be even easier to do the same thing (likely using a WSGI app).

Code re-use is important, and the project re-use that TG employs leads to many benefits. Despite the reason cited on the Django page, I think Django is still ripe for re-use cases. The Django syntax is now so close to SQLObject, I wish Django would just switch to it and extended it where needed, rather than continue to re-implement the rest of it.

To be fair, Django does make it possible to use other templating languages, and Zope3 Page Templates are available (along with a Django ZPT error formatter). If part of the argument for OOP and Python is code re-use, projects that re-invent not just the wheel but the entire car aren't exactly shining examples of what's possible in Python.

Ben Bangert
Ben Bangert
Software Contriver

Code. Homebrew. Hike. Rollerblade.